Caliburn.Micro #004 : Bootstrapper with SimpleContainer

Let’s take a step back and look into our Bootstrapper in detail now. The first version of Bootstrapper we declared earlier is a rather simple one, without utilizing the some of the functionalities which takes Caliburn.Micro, or for that matter, any MVVM Framework ahead. The implementation of IoC Container.
We would be concentrating into two different IoC Containers – a Caliburn.Micro in-build container called SimpleContainer and the MEF (Microsoft Extensibility Framework) based Container. In this first part, we would be concentrating on the SimpleContainer. Let’s begin by declaring the interface contract for our Shell View Model.
  public interface IShell
  {

  }
I would leave the implementation of ShellViewModel and ShellView to the discretion of the reader, considering that is not what we are focusing on this particular session. We would instead focus on the Bootstrapper Class and how we would be triggering the ShellViewModel from it by utilizing the IoC container. We would however, write our OnStartup method, triggering the ShellViewModel through the IShell interface.
protected override void OnStartup(object sender, StartupEventArgs e)
{
  this.DisplayRootViewFor();
}
SimpleContainer
The first step is to configure the container with the Caliburn Micro Framework. We accomplish this by overriding 3 methods, the GetInstance, GetAllInstances and BuildUp.
private SimpleContainer _Container = new SimpleContainer();

protected override object GetInstance(Type service, string key)
{
  return _Container.GetInstance(service, key);
}

protected override IEnumerable GetAllInstances(Type service)
{
  return _Container.GetAllInstances(service);
}

protected override void BuildUp(object instance)
{
  _Container.BuildUp(instance);
}
Service Binding
Most of the code above are self explanatory. Having registered/configured your IoC Container with the framework, the next task is to register your contracts. We do this by overriding the Configure Method.
protected override void Configure()
{
  _Container.Instance(new WindowManager());
  _Container.Singleton();
  _Container.PerRequest();
}
Notice the three different methods we have used to register the service bindings. The Instance Method registers a pre-constructed instance with the type. This is similar to the Singleton method, however with a significant difference. The instance of Instance Method is pre-constructed while for the Singleton Method registration, the instance of Type is created only when first requested.
That’s it, the IoC container would now do the magic for us, by resolving the contracts when required.
There is another approach (method) to register the Service Binding, which focuses on auto-resolution of the Type by scanning the assembly for any implementation of the particular contract. For example, if we need to replace the service binding of IShell with assembly inspection, we would do the following.
 _Container.AllTypesOf(Assembly.GetExecutingAssembly());
In the next part of Caliburn.Micro Tutorial, we will look into implementing the IoC container with the more advanced, MEF based IoC Containers.
Sample code for this section can be found here. For complete list of tutorials on Caliburn.Micro, please follow this link

 

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